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Yong-le: Year 13, Month 2, Day 20

31 Mar 1415

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Those who realized achievements in the great pacification of the rebellious Jiao-zhi bandits were rewarded. Previously, the Emperor had issued ordered to Lu Zhen, the Auxiliary Minister of Rites and Fang Bin, the Auxiliary Minister of War. The orders read: "The remnant spawn in Jiao-zhi gathered together in the mountain forests, engaged in plunder and did harm to the virtuous. The officers and troops have been able, with the utmost loyalty and effectiveness, to exterminate those evil wretches. Now that the army has returned, it is appropriate that rewards for their achievements be fixed as soon as possible."

Zhen and so on deliberated on the matter and memorialized their proposals to the Emperor, who approved them. On this day, the regional commanders, the Ying-guo Duke Zhang Fu and the Qian-guo Duke Mu Sheng, were each rewarded with 500 liang of silver, 20,000 ding of paper money and 50 biao-li of variegated silks. The Vice Commissioner-in-chief Zhu Guang and the Assistant Commissioner-in-chief Jiang Hao realized equivalent achievements and were both promoted one grade. The Regional Commissioner Fang Zheng realized greater achievements than Zhu Guang and so on and he was promoted two grades. All were rewarded with 50 liang of silver, 300 ding of paper money and five biao-li of variegated silks. The Assistant Commissioner Shi You, who had led troops in capturing the bandit leader Chen Ji-kuo, was promoted two grades and rewarded with 40 liang of silver, 200 ding of paper money and four biao-li of variegated silks. The Assistant Commissioner Xie Feng and others, a total of six officers, realized achievements which were of a lesser nature than those realized by Fang Zheng and they were promoted one grade.


As to those who had died, their sons or grandsons were to inherit their posts in accordance with these stipulations. All were rewarded with 30 liang of silver, 160 ding of paper money and three biao-li of variegated silks. The Commissioners Chen Jun and others, a total of five officers, realized achievements of a lesser nature than those realized by Xie Feng and so on. Each was rewarded with 25 liang of silver, 140 ding of paper money and two biao-li of variegated silks. The achievements of Hu Tong-hai and others were of a lesser nature than those realized by Xie Feng and each was rewarded with 20 liang of silver, 120 ding of paper money and one biao-li of variegated silk. These persons were not promoted. The Assistant Guard Commander Tao Hong and the others who captured the major bandit Deng Jing-yi realized difficult achievements. They were all promoted two grades and each was rewarded with 30 liang of silver, 200 ding of paper money, three biao-li of variegated silks and one suit of ramie-silk interwoven with gold thread. Those of following forces (為從者) were promoted one grade and were rewarded with one-third the amounts of silver and variegated silks and the same amount of clothing and paper money. The Company Commander Lu Tan and others, a total of eight persons, who had captured the bandit leaders Chen Ji-kuo, a far from easy task, were also promoted two grades. They were rewarded with silver and variegated silks at a level two thirds those received by Hong, and with clothing and paper money at the same level. Those who had realized repeated achievements were specially promoted. The Assistant Guard Commander Wu Xing and others, a total of five persons were promoted three grades. Guo Xian, Zhang Ming and others, a total of 30 guard commanders, vice commanders, assistant commanders, battalion commanders and company commanders were promoted two grades, and each was rewarded in accordance with the achievements he had realized.



As to those government troops who had been sent originally, those who realized outstanding achievements on three or more occasions were promoted one grade. Those who realized achievements twice at Shen-tou Sea-port, at Yue-chang River in Ci-lian County, in the seas off An-mo or Ling-chang, at Ai-zi River or at Zha-pu-gan Ce, were promoted one grade. Those who realized achievements twice, but had not previously realized achievements in other places were only given rewards, together with an additional half of the rewards they were due to receive. Of those who achieved outstanding achievements: Leading force commanders were rewarded with 200 ding of paper money and three biao-li of variegated silks. Battalion commanders and guard judges were rewarded with 140 ding of paper money and two biao-li of variegated silks. Company commanders and battalion judges were rewarded with 100 ding of paper money and one biao-li of variegated silk. Officials of following forces received half of the the above rewards. The police officers, chieftains, platoon commanders and precinct heads were rewarded with 30 ding of paper money and one bolt each of thin silk and of cotton cloth. Squad commanders, precinct deputies, standard bearers, commandants, housemen, reservists and military attendants were all rewarded with 24 ding of paper money and two bolts of cloth. Of those who realized great achievements: Leading force commanders were rewarded with 100 ding of paper money and two biao-li of variegated silks. Battalion commanders and guard judges were rewarded with 80 ding of paper money and one biao-li of variegated silks. Company commanders and battalion judges were rewarded with 60 ding of paper money and two bolts of thin silk. Officers of following forces were rewarded with half of the above amounts. Police officers, chieftains, platoon commanders and precinct heads were rewarded with 24 ding of paper money and two bolts of cotton cloth. The squad commanders, precinct deputies, standard bearers, commandants, housemen, reservists and military attendants were rewarded with 20 ding of paper money and one bolt of cotton cloth. For those who realized lesser achievements: Leading force commanders were rewarded at the same level as the leading force battalion commanders who realized great achievements. The battalion commanders and guard judges were rewarded at the same level as leading force company commanders who realized great achievements. Company commanders were rewarded at the same level as police officers and chieftains of following forces who realized outstanding achievements. Officers of following forces were rewarded with half the amounts given to those of the leading forces. The police officers, chieftains, platoon commanders and precinct heads were rewarded with 14 ding of paper money and one bolt of cotton cloth. The squad commanders, precinct deputies, standard bearers, commandants, housemen and military attendants were rewarded with 10 ding of paper money and one bolt of cotton cloth.

As to those who were serving in order to realize achievements (為事立功) and realized outstanding achievements: Of those who had been restored to their posts or who initially had not been removed from their posts, the leading force guard commanders, battalion and company commanders and judges were rewarded at the the same level as those leading force officers who realized great achievements. Those of following forces received half of these rewards. Those of following force who had not been restored to their posts were rewarded similarly. The platoon commanders and others were rewarded with 16 ding of paper money and one bolt of cotton cloth. As to those who were serving in order to realize achievements and realized great achievements: Of those who had been restored to their posts and those who initially had not been removed from their posts, the leading force guard commanders were rewarded as the originally-despatched leading force battalion commanders who had realized great achievements. The battalion commanders and guard judges were rewarded as the originally-despatched leading force company commanders who had realized great achievements. The company commanders and battalion judges were rewarded as the originally-despatched police officers and chieftains who had realized great achievements. Those who were serving in order to realize achievements in following forces were rewarded with half these amounts. Those of the following forces who had not been restored to their posts were also rewarded thus. The platoon commanders and so on were rewarded with 10 ding of paper money and one bolt of cotton cloth.

As to those who were serving in order to realize achievements and realized achievements of lesser importance: The leading force commanders were rewarded as the originally-despatched leading force battalion commanders who realized achievements of lesser importance. The battalion commanders and guard judges were rewarded as the originally-despatched leading force company commanders who realized achievements of lesser importance. Those who were serving in order to realize achievements and accompanied the following forces, regardless of whether or not they had been restored to their posts, were rewarded with half of these amounts. The platoon commanders and so on were rewarded with six ding of paper money and one bolt of cotton cloth. Those who died on the battle-field or died of wounds received were rewarded with an additional half of their due rewards as well as rice and cloth. In accordance with the orders: Zhu Guang, vice commissioner-in-chief of the Left Military Commission, was promoted to commissioner-in-chief of the left. Jiang Hao, an assistant commissioner-in-chief in the Central Military Commission, was promoted to vice commissioner-in-chief. Fang Zheng, regional commissioner of Shan-dong, was promoted to vice commissioner-in-chief in the Left Military Commission. Shi You, an assistant regional commissioner of Fu-jian, was promoted to regional commissioner. Xie Feng, an assistant commissioner of Hu-guang, Yu Guang, an assistant commissioner of Shan-xi, and Zhu Hui, an assistant commissioner of Guang-xi, were all promoted to vice commissioner. Guo Xian, guard commander of Jiao-zhou Rear Guard and Chen Zhong, vice commander of the Jiao-zhou Left Guard were both promoted to regional vice commissioners of Jiao-zhi. Chen Ru-shi, a guard vice commander, Chen Feng, vice commander of Jiao-zhou Right Guard, Liu Zhen, an assistant commander and Wei Yuan, assistant commander of Jiao-zhou Central Guard, were all promoted to assistant regional commissioners of Jiao-zhi. Zhu Fu, guard commander of the Jin-wu Forward Guard; Huang Cheng, guard commander of the Fu-jun Rear Guard; Zou Lu and Fu Yu, both vice commanders; Peng Fu, a guard commander; Chen Zhao, commander of An-qing Guard; Zhu Jie, vice commander of the Regency Right Guard; Zhang Ming, a vice commander of the Palace Forward Guard; Yuan Liang, an assistant commander; Xue Ju, an assistant commander of the Wu-cheng Left Guard; Wu Xing, an assistant commander of the Jin-wu Left Guard; Zhang Gui, an assistant commander of the Standard-bearer Guard; and Geng Rong, an assistant commander of the Hui-zhou Guard, were all promoted to assistant regional commissioners. Dong Zhong, Wang Sheng and Zhang Gui, all vice commanders of the Palace Forward Guard; Zhang Wen, an assistant commander; Zhou Neng, a vice commander of the Yan-shan Left Guard; Lu Rang, an assistant commander of the Fu-jun Rear Guard; Wu Xing, a vice commander of the Tong-zhou Guard; and the Assistant Commanders Jia Yan, Li Xing and Liu Tong, were all promoted to guard commanders. Li Gui and Duan De, both assistant commanders; Hu De, an assistant commander in the Jin-wu Left Guard; and Xu Zhi and Huang Bin, both assistant commanders in the Palace Forward Guard, were all promoted to vice guard commanders. Dai Mian and other battalion commanders; Jiang Wang, a battalion commander of the Jin-wu Left Guard; Xu Zhong, a battalion commander of the Tong-zhou Guard, Zhang Xing, Zhang Kai, Yang Ming, Chen Gong, Tian Ju, Wang You, Wang Neng, Xi Jing, Zhang Qing, Hu Yuan, Li Bin, Zhang Gui, An Xing, Zhou Jing, Zhou Quan, Zhou Lu-er, Xu De, Chen Xing, Wu Sheng, Bai Jing, Liu Zhao, Zhou Tong, Chen Wang, Lai Zhen, Lin Tong and Wang Shao, all battalion commanders of other guards; Dai Gui, a vice battalion commander of the Palace Left Guard; and Gu Xing, a vice battalion commander of Xiao-ling Guard, were all promoted to assistant commanders. The remaining vice commissioners from other guards, including Wang Xian from Huang-zhou, as well as over 400 other battalion and company commanders and judges, were all promoted appropriately in accordance with their achievements.

Tai-zong: juan 161.2b-5a

Zhong-yang Yan-jiu yuan Ming Shi-lu, volume 13, page 1826/31

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Preferred form of citation for this entry:

Geoff Wade, translator, Southeast Asia in the Ming Shi-lu: an open access resource, Singapore: Asia Research Institute and the Singapore E-Press, National University of Singapore, http://www.epress.nus.edu.sg/msl/reign/yong-le/year-13-month-2-day-20, accessed August 17, 2018