Yong-le: Year 17, Month 8, Day 11
31 Aug 1419
Pan Liao, the native-official prefect of Yi-an Prefecture in Jiao-zhi, rebelled. Liao was the son of Pan Ji-you. Previously, Ji-you had served Chen Ji-kuo as a false Junior Guardian. When the Great Army went to subdue them, their power was exhausted and Ji-you sent Liao to the military headquarters to offer their surrender. The Ying-guo Duke Zhang Fu, regional commander of Jiao-zhi, received Imperial orders and appointed Ji-you as surveillance vice commissioner of Jiao-zhi, with control over the affairs of Yi-an Prefecture, and also appointed Liao as an official. When Ji-you died, Liao inherited his father's position. At this time, he was maltreated and abused by the eunuch Ma Qi and subsequently rebelled in Ya-yi County. He joined together with the native-official Battalion Commander Chen Tai, and they gathered their forces, burned and plundered subprefectures and counties and killed officials and clerks. Lu Wen-lu, the native-official commander of Yi-an Guard, also joined them. The Feng-cheng Marquis Li Bin, regional commander of Jiao-zhi, then sent his generals to punish them. The bandit forces scattered and Liao fled to Yu-ma Subprefecture where he took refuge with the native-official subprefectural magistrate Qin Ze. Bin thus sent people to pursue and capture him.
Zhong-yang Yan-jiu yuan Ming Shi-lu, volume 14, page 2152