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Yong-le: Year 5, Month 6, Day 1

5 Jul 1407

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In Jiao-zhi, the following changes were made:

Long-xing Prefecture became Zhen-man Prefecture, Jian-xing Prefecture became Jian-ping Prefecture. Tian-chang Prefecture became Feng-hua Prefecture, Xin-xing Prefecture became Xin-an Prefecture, Guo-wei Subprefecture became Wei-man Subprefecture, Xuan-guang Subprefecture became Xuan-hua Subprefecture, Shang-fu Subprefecture became Fu-an Subprefecture, An-bang Subprefecture became Qing-an Subprefecture, Ri-nan Subprefecture became Nan-jing Subprefecture, Bu-zheng Subprefecture became Zheng-ping Subprefecture, Ming-ling Subprefecture became Nan-ling Subprefecture, Long-yan County became Qing-yuan County, An-shi County became Jing-an County, Ying-tian County became Ying-ping County, Shan-ming County became Shan-ding County, Shang-fu County became Bao-fu County, Long-tan County became Qing-tan County, Dan-yang (Alt: Dan-feng) County became Dan-shan County, Long-ba County became Long-ban County, Tian-shi County became Shi-hua County, Gu-zhan County became Gu-ping County, Tong-bin County became Tong-ning County, Fo-shi County became Shan-shi County, Tian-ben County became An-ben County, Du-li County became Ping-li County, Li-jia County became Li-ping County, Yu-tian County became Xin-hu County, Fei-jia County became Gu-fei County, An-bang County became Tong-an County, An-xing County became An-he County, Cha-long County became Cha-qing County, Du-jia County became Gu-du County, Shang-lu County became Lu-ping County, Shang-fu County became Fu-kang County, Bu-zheng County became Zheng-he County, Deng-jia County became Gu-deng County, Zuo-bu County became Zuo-ping County and Shi-rong (世榮) County became Shi-rong (士榮) County. The names of the remaining counties were left as before.

Also the jurisdiction relationship of the subprefectures and counties in Jiao-zhi were fixed. Jiao-zhi was to to be constituted by 15 prefectures, namely: 1. Jiao-zhou; 2. Bei River; 3. Liang River; 4. San River; 5. Jian-ping; 6. Xin-an; 7. Jian-chang; 8. Feng-hua; 9. Qing-hua; 10. Zhen-man; 11. Liang-shan; 12. Xin-ping; 13. Yan-zhou; 14. Yi-an; and 15. Shun-hua. 1. Jiao-zhou Prefecture was to administer the five subprefectures of Wei-man, Fu-an, San-dai, Ci-lian and Li-ren. The prefecture was to directly administer the two counties of Dong-guan and Ci-guang. Wei-man Subprefecture was to administer the four counties of Shan-ding, Qing-wei, Ying-ping and Da-tang. Fu-an Subprefecture was to administer the three counties of Bao-fu, Fu-liu and Qing-tan. San-dai Subprefecture was to administer the six counties of Fu-long, An-lang, Fu-ning, An-le, Li-shi and Yuan-lang. Ci-lian Subprefecture was to administer the two counties of Dan-shan and Shi-shi, while Li-ren Subprefecture was to administer the six counties of Qing-lian, Ping-lu, Gu-bang, Gu-zhe, Gu-li and Li-ren.

2. Bei River Prefecture was to administer the three subprefectures of Jia-lin, Wu-ning and Bei River. The prefecture was to directly administer the two counties of Chao-lei and Jia-lin. Jia-lin Subprefecture was to administer the three counties of An-ding, Xi River and Shan-cai. Wu-ning Subprefecture was to administer the five counties of Xian-you, Wu-ning, Dong-an, Ci-shan and An-feng. Bei River Subprefecture was to administer the three counties of Xin-fu, Shan-shi and An-yue.

3. Liang River Prefecture was to administer the three subprefectures of Liang River, Nan-ce and Shang Hong. The prefecture was to directly administer the five counties of Qing-yuan, Gu-yong, Feng-shan, Na-an and Lu-na. Liang River Subprefecture was to administer the four counties of Qing-an, An-ning, Gu-long and Bao-lu. Nan-ce Subprefecture was to administer the three counties of Qing-lin, Zhi-ling and Ping-he. Shang Hong Subprefecture was to administer the three counties of Tang-hao, Tang-an and Duo-jin.

4. San River Prefecture was to administer the three subprefectures of Tao River, Xuan River and Tuo River. Tao River Subprefecture was to administer the four counties of Shan-wei, Ma-qi, Qing-po and Xia-hua. Xuan River Subprefecture was to administer the three counties of Dong-lan, Xi-lan and Hu-yan. Tuo River Subprefecture was to administer the two counties of Long-ban and Gu-nong.

5. Jian-ping Prefecture was to administer Chang-an Subprefecture. The prefecture was to directly administer the five counties of Yi-an, An-ben, Ping-li, Da-wan and Wang-ying. Chang-an Subprefecture was to administer the four counties of Wei-yuan, An-mo, An-ning and Li-ping.

6. Xin-an Prefecture was to administer the three subprefectures of Dong-chao, Jing-an and Xia Hong. The prefecture was to directly administer the five counties of Xia-shan , Tai-ping, Duo-yi, He-hun and Xi-guan. Dong-chao Subprefecture was to administer the eight counties of Tong-an, Zhi-feng, An-li, An-he, Xin-an, Da-du, Wan-ning and Yun-tun. Xia Hong Subprefecture was to administer the four counties of Chang-jin, Si-qi, Tong-li and Qing-mian.

7. Jian-chang Prefecture was to administer Kuai Subprefecture. The prefecture was to directly administer the four counties of Feng-tian, Jian-chang, Bu-zhen and Li-si. Kuai Subprefecture was to administer the four counties of Xian-lu, Shi-hua, Dong-jie, Fu-rong and Yong-he.

8. Feng-hua Prefecture was to administer the four counties of Mei-lu, Jiao-shui, Xi-zhen and Shun-wei.

9. Qing-hua Prefecture was to administer the three subprefectures of Qing-hua, Ai and Jiu-zhen. The prefecture was to directly administer the seven counties of Gu-teng, Gu-hong, Dong-shan, Gu-lei, Yong-ning, An-ding and Liang River. Qing-hua Subprefecture was to administer the four counties of E-le, Xi River, An-le and Lei River. Ai Subprefecture was to administer the the four counties of He-zhong, Tong-ning, Song River and Zhi-e . Jiu-zhen Subprefecture was to administer the four counties of Gu-ping, Jie-yue, Yuan-jue and Nong-gong.

10. Zhen-man Prefecture was to administer the four counties of Xia-hua, Ting-he, Gu-lan and Shen-qi.

11. Liang-shan Prefecture was to administer the seven subprefectures of Qi-yuan, Shang Wen, Xia Wen, Wan-ya, Guang-yuan, Shang Si-lang and Xia Si-lang. The prefecture was to directly administer the seven counties of Xin-an, Ru-ao, Dan-ba, Qiu-wen, Zhen-yi, Yuan and Dong. Qi-yuan Subprefecture was to administer the six counties of Shui-lang, Qin, Tuo, Rong, Pi and Ping. Shang Wen Subprefecture was to administer the three counties of Bei-lan, Qing-yuan and Ku.

12. Xin-ping Prefecture was to administer the two subprefectures of Zheng-ping and Nan-ling. The prefecture was to directly administer the three counties of Zheng-he, Gu-deng and Cong-zhi. Nan-ling Subprefecture was to administer the three counties of Dan-yi, Zuo-ping and Ye-du.

13. Yan-zhou Prefecture was to administer Yan Subprefecture. Yan Subprefecture was to administer the four counties of Qian-dong, Fu-rong, Fu-liu and Qiong-lin.

14. Yi-an Prefecture was to administer the two subprefectures of Nan-jing and Huan. The prefecture was to directly administer the eight counties of Ya-yi, Pi-lu, Zhi-luo, Zhen-fu, Tu-you, Jie River and Tu-huang. Nan-jing Subprefecture was to administer the four counties of He-huang, Pan-shi, He-hua and Qi-luo. Huan Subprefecture was to administer the four counties of Shi-tang, Dong-an, Lu-ping and Sha-nan.

15. Shun-hua Prefecture was to administer the two subprefectures of Shun and Hua. Shun Subprefecture was to administer the three counties of Ba-lang, Li-diao and An-ren. Hua Subprefecture was to administer the seven counties of Li-feng, Shi-rong, Zha-ling, Cha-jie, Si-rong, Pu-tai and Pu-lang. Five commanderies including Tai-yuan, were changed into the subprefectures of Tai-yuan, Xuan-hua, Jia-xing, Gui-hua, and Guang-wei and were placed under the direct administration of the provincial administration commission. Tai-yuan Subprefecture was to administer the 11 counties of Fu-liang, Si-nong, Wu-li, Dong-xi, Yong-tong, Xuan-hua, Mei-shi, Da-ci, An-ding, Wei-hua and Tai-yuan. Xuan-hua Subprefecture was to administer the nine counties of Kuang, Dang-dao, Wen-an, Ping-yuan, Di River, Shou-wu, Da-wan, Yang and Yi. Jia-xing Subprefecture was to administer the three counties of Long, Meng and Si-mang. Gui-hua Subprefecture was to administer the four counties of An-li, Wen-pan, Wen-zhen and Shui-wei. Guang-wei Subprefecture was to administer the three counties of Ma-long, Mei and Liang.

The following offices were established: The Yong-ying Store under the Jiao-zhi Provincial Administration Commission; a medical school and prefectural Buddhist registry under Jiao-zhou Prefecture, the Feng-ying Store and Yong-feng Granary at the Lu River courier post; the Yong-ying Store and the Chang-feng Granary under Jian-ping Prefecture; the Feng-ji Store in San River Prefecture; a Confucian school in Jia-lin Subprefecture; commercial tax bureaus in the four prefectures of Jiao-zhou, Bei River, Liang River and Jian-ping; commercial tax offices in the eight subprefectures of Fu-an, San-dai, Ci-lian, Li-ren, Jia-lin, Wu-ning, Bei River and Xuan-hua; commercial tax offices in the 20 counties of Ying-ping, Da-tang, Shan-ding, Qing-wei, An-ning, Xi River, Shan-cai, Wu-ning, Dong-an, Qing-lin, Zhi-ling, Ping-he, Gu-yong, Qing-an, Tai-ping, He-hun, Xi-guan, Chang-jin and Tong-li; five commercial tax offices at Ma-lang in Duo-jin County, Xia-chang in Bao-lu County, Jin-lu in Tang-hao County, Si-wang in Tang-an County and Xia Shan in Xia Shan County; twenty-one fishing tax offices at Chang River in Bei River Subprefecture, Chang River in San-dai Subprefecture, Shang Gu in Ci-lian Subprefecture, Yang-wan in Li-ren Subprefecture, Chang River in Xuan-hua Subprefecture, Bing-shen in Ci-lian County, Jiang-tan in Da-tang County, Shan-ding in Shan-ding County, Qing-wei in Qing-wei County, Jing-hai in Tang-an County, Weng-luo in Qing-yuan County, An-mo Sea-port in An-mo County, Che-li Port in Dong-jie County, Yuan-guang in Jiao-shui County, Fen-chi in Gu-yong County, Dong-mei in Ping-he County, Gu-qi Chang (Alt: Gu-zhai Chang) in An-lao County, A-nie Hamlet in Zhi-feng County and Si-qi Hamlet, Yu-ge-lou Hamlet and An-ding Hamlet in Si-qi County; Sixty-seven police offices at Po-jia in Ci-lian County, San-yi-he in Ying-ping County, San River-port and Chang-jin Bridge in Da-tang County, He-lu Port (Alt: Lu-he Port) and Tang River Bridge in Fu-rong County, Jiang-kou Commandery in Fu-long County, Yuan-shan Commandery in Fu-ning County, Che-lang Commandery in Li-shi County, He River-port in Dan-shan County, Jing-chu in Qing-lian County, Ning River in Ping-lu County, Pao Bridge and Yong River-port in Gu-bang County, San River Port, Cha-shang and Jiu-lan in Jia-lin County, Duo-yu Sea-port, Dui Sea-port and An-pu River-port in Ping-he County, A-lao River-port in Duo-jin County, Chen Hamlet in Shan-wei County, Mt. Hua-yuan in Ma-qi County, Dang-hui in Xia-hua County, Gu-lei River-port in Dong-lan County, Xuan-guan in Xi-lan County, San-qi River-port in Hu-yan County, Fei Hamlet in Long-ban County, Sa Hamlet in Gu-nong County, Lu-pei River in Yi-an County, Da-an Sea-port in Da-wan County, Shan-shui (Alt: Shan-mu) River in An-ning County, Sheng-yao Shan River in Li-ping County, Shen-tou Estuary in An-mo County, Liao (Alt: An) River and Duo-ge Canal-port (涇口) in Tai-ping County, Li River in Duo-yi County, Zhi-long Crossing in He-hun County, Zhi-lai Village in Xi-guan County, Tian-liao River and Mt. Tun in Dong-chao Subprefecture, Fu-dai Hamlet Sea-port in Gu-fei County, Lao Sea-port and Duo-hun Sea-port in An-lao County, Tong-an Sea-port in Tong-an County, Duo-li Hamlet Sea-port in Zhi-feng County, Xiao Bai-teng Sea-port in An-he County, Po-liao Hamlet in Chang-jin County, Yu-ge-lou Garrison, You River Garrison and Zhu-shui Garrison in Si-qi County, Duo-yi (Alt: Duo-ge) in Tong-li County, Feng-tian in Feng-tian County, Huang (Alt: Heng) River-port in Jian-chang County, Hai-men in Zhen-li County, Che-li Port in Dong-jie County, Ning River-port in Mei-lu County, Dai River-port in Xi-zhen County, A River-port and Hui River-port in Shun-wei County, Tian-fu Sea-port and Jiao Sea-port in Jiao-shui County, Shi-si-qing in Shou-wu County, Bei-guo Bridge in Da-wan County, Lan Hamlet in Dang-dao County, Wei-long River Port in Wen-an County, Bei-qu in Ping-yuan County, and at Xi-shan Commandery in Di River County.

Seven courier horse stations were established at Jiang Bridge in Qing-lian County, Bao Fu in Bao-fu County, Jia-lin in Jia-lin County, Shi Bridge in Wu-ning County, Yong-an in Ping-lu County, Sheng-yao in Li-ping County and Qin-zhan in Bao-lu County. Five transport offices were established at Lu River in Jiao-zhou Prefecture, Shi Bridge in Wu-ning County, Qin-zhan in Bao-lu County and at Ji-ling and Qiu-wen. A county Buddhist Registry was established in Shi-shi County. The Jiao-zhi Salt Distribution Supervisorate was established together with two salt tax offices at Guang-ci and Da-huang. The name of Ji-ling Pass was changed to Zhen-yi Pass.

Tai-zong: juan 68.3b-7a

Zhong-yang Yan-jiu yuan Ming Shi-lu, volume 11, page 0948/55

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Preferred form of citation for this entry:

Geoff Wade, translator, Southeast Asia in the Ming Shi-lu: an open access resource, Singapore: Asia Research Institute and the Singapore E-Press, National University of Singapore, http://www.epress.nus.edu.sg/msl/reign/yong-le/year-5-month-6-day-1-0, accessed October 19, 2017